Checking of the patient’s skin should include the following assessment:
- if the skin free of moisture
- are there any tears or breaks in the skin
- any oedema present
- increased skin temperature on certain spots
- does the skin feel firmer or softer in certain spots
- any eczema or rashes present
It is necessary to check the skin status regularly in order to spot early symptoms of pressure ulcers.
- Skin should be kept dry and clean, soft and elastic, by using the hydrating cream.
- Skin care products have to be scent free and without allergenic substances.
- Soft skin (maceration) has to be protected, for instance with protective cream.
- Moisture and increased temperature make the skin sensitive to pressure and shearing.
- Do not apply massage as a preventive measure, since it leads to increased pressure on the capillaries and thus increases the risk of potential damage.
- Do not rub the skin during bathing, because rubbing may cause damage to the tissue, especially in older and sensitive patients.