Flat feet develop as the posterior tibial tendon weakens. This tendon is the main support structure of the arch of the feet, connecting toes and heel. As it weakens, the arch drops under load. A fallen arch interferes with the forces between foot bones and, as a consequence, the weight of the body is unevenly distributed. This may cause pain even in the knees, hips or back.
The weakness of the tendon may develop due to too much strain in some sport disciplines, due to inactivity or due to overweight.
Flexible flatfoot is one of the most common foot complaints in adults.
- Pain in the heel, ankle, arch, or along the outside of the foot
- Foot over-pronation (rolled-in foot)
- Pain in the lower leg
- General discomfort and fatigue in the foot or leg
- Knee and low back pain
- Avoid activities that bring you discomfort and pain.
- If you are overweight, try to lose weight.
- Get custom orthotic devices that will enable an equal load distribution.
- Do exercisesto strengthen your foot muscles. This will enable you to raise your foot arches in a natural way, without straining the posterior tibial tendon.
- Massage your feet with rollers.